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Bibliography of the Works by and on Mawlana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi (1863-1944)
By Ali Altaf Mian

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A List of Some of Mawlana Thanawi’s Writings (some of the main ones)

Aadaabul Muaasharat: Etiquettes of Social Life. Karachi: Kutub Khana Mazhari, n.d.

Adab-e zindagi. Lahore: Suhail Publications, 1999.

The Accepted Whispers: Munajat-e Maqbul. Tr. Khalid Baig. California: Open Mind Press, 2005.

Aghlat al-‘awam. Ed. Mawlana Masihullah Khan and Mawlana Meharban ali Barotwi. Karachi: Zam Zam Publishers, n.d.

            Deoband: Maktaba-i Nizamiya, 1962.

Ahkam-e Islam aqal ki nazar main. Karachi: Darul Ishat, n.d.

            Masalih al-`aqliyah lil-ahkam al-naqliyah. Lahore: Kutub Khana Jamili, 1964.

            English Translation (The Wisdom Behind the Commands of Islam) by Rafiq Abdur Rehman. Karachi: Darul Ishat, 1999.

‘Allama Ibn ‘Arabi awr unka maslak. Thana Bhawan: Ashraf al-Matab‘i, 1927.

A‘mal-e Qur’ani. Lahore: Maktaba-e Rahmaniyya, n.d.

Answer to Modernism. Karachi: Maktaba Darul Uloom Karachi, 1976.

            Delhi: Adam Publishers, 1981.

Karachi: Allah Bukhsh Barkhurdaria Trust, n.d.

Apni namazen darust kijiye. Lahore: Mushtaq, 1900.

Arwah-e Thalatha. Lahore: Maktaba-e Rahmaniyya, n.d.

Ashraf al-Jawab. Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya, 2002.

Ashraf al-Tafasir. Ed. Mufti Muhammad Taqi Uthmani. Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya.

Ashraf's Blessings of Ramadān: Series of lectures by Hakeemul Ummat Shaykh Ashraf Ali Thaanwi. Dewsbury, England: Ashraf's Amanat, 1998.

Awrad-i Rahmani. Lahore: Kutub Khana Jamili, 1965.

Bawadir al-nawadir. Lahore: Idara Islamiyyat, 1985.

Bayan al-Qur’an.

Bazm-i jamshed ya‘ni khamkhana-i batin. Deoband: Maktaba-i Nashmul Qur’an, 1939.

Din ki batein. Delhi: Dini Book Depot, 1961.

Fada’il-e Istighfar. Lahore: Idara Islamiyyat, n.d.

Female Education in Islam. Tr. Mufti Afzal Hossen Elias. Benoni: A. H. Elias, 2000. 

Fur‘u al-Imān. Delhi: Taj Company, n.d.

Haqiqat-e Tasawwuf-o Taqwa. Lahore: Maktaba-i Rashidiya, 1971.

Hayat al-Muslimin. Lahore: Waqar Publishers, n.d.

Hifz al-Iman. Deoband: Dar al-Kitab, n.d.

Hila-i Najiza, y‘ani awraton ka haqe tansikhe nikah. Karachi: Darul Ishat, 1987.

How to Offer the Salah Correctly. Ed. Mufti Muhammad Taqi ‘Uthmani. Karachi: Darul Ishat, 2000.

Imdad al-Fatawa. Ed. Mufti Muhammad Shaf‘i and Mufti Sa‘id Ahmad Palanpuri. Deoband: Idara-i Talifat-i Awliya, 1974.

Imdad al-mushtaq ila ashraf al-akhlaq.

Delhi: Maktaba-i Burhan, 1981.

Lahore: Islami Kutub Khana, n.d.

The Initial Action. New Delhi: Islamic Book Service, 2001.

Irfan-i Hafiz: Hafiz Shirazi ke mashhur va maqbul Farsi Divan ke ash‘ar ki sufiyanah va

‘arifanah Urdu sharh. Karachi: Nafis Academy, 1976.

Islah al-khayal. Lahore: Kutub Khana Jamili, 1965.

Islah al-Nisa. Lahore: Idara-i Islamiyat, 1988.

Islah al-rusum awr safai-i mu‘ashara. Delhi: ‘Ilmi Kitab Khana, 1962.

Islah-i Inqilab. Deoband: Idara-i T‘alif-i Awliya, 1972.

Islahi Nisab: Mujmu’a Talifat-e Ashrafiyya. Lahore: Maktaba-e Rahmaniyya, n.d.

Islam awr ‘aqliyat. Ed. Mawlana Muhammad Mustafa Khan Bijnawri. Lahore: Idara Islamiyyat, 1994.

Islam awr zindagi: y‘ani al-Rafiq fi sawa al-tariq. Lahore: Kutub Khana Jamili, 1964.

Islam: The Whole Truth. Ed. Mufti Muhammad Taqi ‘Uthmani and Muhammad Ishaq Multani.

Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya, 2003.

Jamal al-Qur’an. Lahore: Maktaba-e Rahmaniyya, n.d.

Jazaa al-A‘mal. Delhi: Nasir Book Depot, n.d.

Jazaa-ul-A‘maal: Rewards and Punishments for Human Deeds. Tr. Abdul Karim. Lahore: Kutub Khana Faizi, n.d.

Kalid-e Mathnawi. 24 vols. Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya, n.d.

Kamalat-i Imdadiya. Lahore: Maktabat al-Furqan, 1976.

Kathrat al-azwaj li sahib al-me’raj. Lahore: Abdullah Academy, 1995.

Khutbat al-Ahkam li Jumuat al-‘am.

Khutbat-e Hakim al-Ummat. 32 vols. Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya, 2001.

Ma‘arif-i Imdadiya. Lahore: Maktaba-i Rashidiya, 1977.

Malfuzat-i Hakim al-Ummat. 25 vols. Mutan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya, n.d.

Muqalat-i Sufiya. Tr. Mufti Muhammad Shafi‘i. Karachi: Darul Ishat, n.d.

Nashr al-Tib fi dhikr al-Nabi al-habib.

The Objective. New Delhi: Islamic Book Service, 2001. 

Perfecting Women: Maulana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi's Bihishti Zewar English Translation by Barbara Daly Metcalf. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

            Lahore: Idara Islamiyat, 1997.

al-Qawl al-sawab fi tahqiq-i mas’ala-i al-hijab. Lucknow: Maktaba-i Ahmadi, 1904.

Sal bhar ke masnun ‘amal. Lahore: Idara Islamiyyat, n.d.

Shawq-e Akhirat. Ed. Abd al-Majid Daryabadi. Lahore: Idara Islamiyyat, 2000.

al-Takashshuf ‘an muhimmat al-tasawwuf. Karachi: Kutub Khana Mazhari, n.d.

T‘alim al-din. Delhi: ‘Ilmi Kutub Khana, 1962.

Tanshituttaba fi ijra‘ussaba: qira'at-i sab‘ah par ek jam‘i risalah. Lahore: Al-Kitab, 1977.

Tarbiyat al-salik. Karachi: Dar al-Isha’at, n.d.

The Ultimate Action. New Delhi: Islamic Book Service, 2001.

Primary Biographical Sources:

Urdu:

Alwi, Masud Ahsan. Ma‘athir-e Hakim al-Ummat. Lahore: Idara Islamiyyat, 1986.

Daryabadi, Mawlana Abd al-Majid. Hakim al-Ummat: Nuqush-o ta’asurat. Lahore: Maktaba-e Madania.

Ghawri, Aziz al-Hasan “Majdhub.” Ashraf al-sawanih. 4 vols. Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e

Ashrafiyya, 1995.

Khan, Munshi ‘Abd al-Rahman. Sirat-e Ashraf. 2 vols. Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya, 1996.

Muhammad, Mawlana Ghulam. Hayat-e Ashraf. Karachi: Maktaba-e Thanawi, n.d.

Bengali:

Abdullah, Mohammad. Hajarat Maolana Ashraf Ali Thanvi: jiban o karma. Calcutta:

Malik Brothers, 2003.

Secondary Sources in Urdu:

Abbas, Hasan. Ashraf al-Maktubat. Karachi: Idarat al-Qur’an, 2000.

Arifi, Muhammad Abd al-Hye. Basa’ir-e Hakim al-Ummat. Karachi: H.M. Sa‘id, 2000.

_____. “Hakim al-Ummat Hadrat Thanawi key halat-o masrufiyat-i zindagi.” Chalis barey

musalman. Ed. Muhammad Akbar Shah Bukhari (Karachi: Idarat al-Qur’an, 2001): 1:

225-244.

_____. Jawahir-i Hakim al-Ummat. Karachi: Idarat al-Qur’an wa al-Ulum al-Islamiya, 1998.

_____. T‘alifat-e Hakim al-Ummat. Karachi: Maktaba-i Dar al-Ulum Karachi, 1987.

Ashrafi, Mawlana Muhammad Din Chishti. Ashraf al-tariqa fil’ shari‘ati wa al-haqiqat: Shari‘at-o Tariqat. Lahore: Idara-i Islamiyat, 1981.

Bukhari, Muhammad Akbar Shah. Akabir-e ulama-e Deoband. Lahore: Idara Islamiyyat, 1999.

_____. Chalis barey musalman. 2 vols. Karachi: Idarat al-Qur’an, 2001.

_____. Karwan-e Thanawi. Karachi: Idarat al-Ma’arif, 1997.

Hasan, Sayyid Mahmud. Hadrat Hakim al-Ummat Thanawi: Akabir-o muathirin ki nazar mein.

Karachi: Kutub Khana Mazhiri, 1976.

Jalandhary, Mawlana Khair Muhammad. Khair al-Ifadat, y‘ani Malfuzat-i Tayyibat. Lahore:

Idara-i Islamiyat, 1982.

Kandhlawi, Mawlana Muhammad Zakariya. “Dhikr-i Hakīm al-Ummat.” Chalis barey

musalman. Ed. Muhammad Akbar Shah Bukhari (Karachi: Idarat al-Qur’an, 2001): 1: 207-216.

Nadwi, Mawlana Abd al-Bari. “Hakim al-Ummat Mujaddid al-Millat Hadrat Mawlana Thanawi

ki dhati-o shakhsi khususiyat.” Chalis barey musalman. Ed. Muhammad Akbar Shah

Bukhari (Karachi: Idarat al-Qur’an, 2001): 1: 217-224.

_____. Tajdid-e Ta‘lim-o Tabligh. Lucknow: Bari Publications, 1993.

_____. Tajdid-e tasawwuf-o suluk. Lucknow: Bari Publications, 1993.

Qadiri, Tahir Rasul. Ta’mir-e sirat: Ifadat-e Hadrat Mawlana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi. Lahore: Idarat al-Hasanat, 1975.

Quraishi, Muhammad Iqbal. Bid’at ki haqiqat awr us ke ahkam-o masa’il: Ifadat Hakim al-Ummat Hadrat Mawlana Ashraf ali Thanawi. Lahore: Idara Islamiyyat, 2001.

_____. Ma’arif-e Gangohi. Lahore: Idara Islamiyyat, 1976.

al-Rahman, Qari Fuyud. Haji Imdadullah Muhajir Makki awr unke khulafa. Karachi: Majlis-e Nashriyat-e Islam, 1984.

Rizvi, Sayyid Mahboob. History of the Dar al-Ulum Deoband. 2 vols. Deoband: Dar al-Ulum Deoband, 1980.

Saeed, Ahmad. Bazm-e Ashraf key chirag. Lahore: Misbah Academy, 1992.

_____. Mawlana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi awr Tahrik-e Azadi. Rawalpindi: Khalid Nadim, 1972.

Said, Abu Najib. Hadrat Mawlana Ashraf Ali Thanawi awr Islamic Muashara. Karachi: Welcome, n.d.

Sarwar, Mawlana Sufi Muhammad. Maslak-e Thana Bhawan. Lahore: Idara-e Isha’at-e Haq, 1994.

Shafi, Mufti Muhammad.“Hakim al-Ummat Hadrat Mawlana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi.” Chalis barey musalman. Ed.

Muhammad Akbar Shah Bukhari (Karachi: Idarat al-Qur’an, 2001): 1: 245-249.

_____. Majalis-e Hakim al-Ummat. Karachi: Darul Ishat, 1976?

_____. Makatib-e Hakim al-Ummat. Karachi: Idarat al-Ma’arif, 1996.

Shaikhupuri, Muhammad Aslam. “Hadrat Thanawi awr Hadrat Madani.” Chalis barey

musalman. Ed. Muhammad Akbar Shah Bukhari (Karachi: Idarat al-Qur’an, 2001): 507-514.

Sharif, Mawlana Muhammad. Maktubat-i Ashrafiya. Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya, 1982.

Sherwani, Wakīl Ahmad. “Tahrīk-i Pakistan main Hakīm al-Ummat awr unke rufaqa-i kar.”

Chalis barey musalman. Ed. Muhammad Akbar Shah Bukhari (Karachi: Idarat al-Qur’an, 2001): 1: 273-282.

Tavlavi, Abul ‘Arafat Muhammad Nasir. Hadrat Thanawi ke usul-o zawabit. Amara: Maktaba-i

Hakim al-Ummat, 2001.

Tirmidhī, Muftī ‘Abd al-Shakūr. Ashraf al-Ma‘arif. Lahore: Kutub Khana Jamili, 2001.

_____. “Hadrat Hakīm al-Ummat ki khidmāt-o t‘alimāt.” Chalis barey

musalman. Ed. Muhammad Akbar Shah Bukhari (Karachi: Idarat al-Qur’ān, 2001): 1: 250-272.

Uthmāni, Muftī Muhammad Taqi. Akabir-e Deoband kya the? (Who were the Elders of Deoband?). Karachi: Idarat al-Ma’arif, 2000.

_____. Hakim al-Ummat ke siyasi afkar (The political views of Hakim al-Ummat) in Islam awr siyasat. Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya. 

_____. Irshadat-e Akabir (Sayings of the Saintly Elders). Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya, 1998.

Zaid, Mufti Muhammad. Ashraf al-‘amliyat. Hatora: Idara Ifadat-e Ashrafiyya, 1994.

_____. Dini dawat-o tabligh ke usul-o ahkam. Multan: Idara T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya, 1994.

English Journal Articles and Conference Papers

Abbasi, Shahid Ali. “Rethinking in Islam: Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi on God and Man.” Islamic

Culture 74, issue i (2000): 47-87.

_____. “Rethinking in Islam: Maulana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi on Way and Way-Faring.” Islamic

Culture 75, issue iii (2001): 31-72.

Ahmad, Furqan. “Contribution of Mawlana Ashraf Ali Thanavi to the Protection and

Development of Islamic Law in the Indian Subcontinent.” Islamic and Comparative Law

Quarterly 71 (1986): 71-79.

Hermansen, Marcia. “Rewriting Sufi Identity in the Twentieth Century: The Biographical Approaches of Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanawi (d. 1943) and Khwaja Hasan Nizami (d. 1955).” Unpublished paper presented at the International Conference on Asian and North African Studies, Budapest, July 1997. 

Malik, Rizwan. “Muslim Nationalism in India: Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi, Shabbir Ahmad Uthmani and the Pakistan Movement.” Pakistan Journal of History and Culture 18, issue ii (1997): 73-82.

Metcalf, Barbara Daly. “Islam and Custom in Nineteenth-Century India: The Reformist Standard of Maulānā Thānawī’s Bihishtī Zewar.” Contributions to Asian Studies 17: 62-78.

Saeed, Ahmad. “Quaid-i-Azam and Mawlana Ashraf Ali Thanvi.” Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society 47, issue iii. Pp. 23-28.

English Biographical Sketches and Other

Arifi, Abdul Hai and Ahmad Ali Khawaja. Ashraf Ali Thanawi: Life and Works. Multan: Idara

T‘alifat-e Ashrafiyya, n.d.

Ernst, Carl W. and Bruce B. Lawrence. Sufi Martyrs of Love: The Chishti Order in South Asia

and Beyond. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

Khan, Shaykh Masihullah. The Path to Perfection: An Edited Anthology of the Spiritual

Teachings of Hakim al-Umma Mawlana Ashraf ali Thanawi. Santa Barbara: White Thread Press, 2005.

Khawaja, Ahmed Ali. Mawlana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi: His Views on Moral Philosophy and Tasawwuf. Delhi: Adam Publishers, 2002. 

Metcalf, Barbara Daly. “Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi.” Dictionnaire biographique des savants et grandes figures du monde musulman peripherique, du XIXe siecle a nos jours. Eds. Marc Gaborieau, Nicole Grandin, Pierre Labrousse, and Alexandre Popovic. Paris: EHESS, 1992. 9-10.

Mian, Ali Altaf. “Hakim al-Umma Mawlana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi.” The Path to Perfection (Santa Barbara: White Thread Press, 2005): 135-149.

Naeem, Fuad S. “A Traditional Islamic Response to the Rise of Modernism.” Islam,

Fundamentalism, and the Betrayal of Tradition: Essays by Western Muslim Scholars. Ed. Joseph E.B. Lumbard. Bloomington: World Wisdom, 2004. 79-120.

_____. “The ‘Ulama of the Indian Subcontinent at the Rise of the Modern Age: Mawlana   Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi and His Response to Modernism.” Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Columbian College of Arts and Sciences of the George Washington University. January 30, 2003.